Numberland - New Processes, New Materialshttp://numberland.deThu, 28 Jul 2016 16:42:38 +0200Joomla! - Open Source Content Managementde-deSustainable chemistry chemistry

Sustainable chemistry

ID: F1512-10

Change of the processing sectors toward a much more sustainable manufacturing model should guarantee continued growth and global competitiveness. Achieving this requires adopting unique reactor technologies, greener reactions and increase in smart system usage. A new task is developing new techniques and tools for modelling and control of reactor based procedures, based on real-time sensing and comments. This should facilitate developing a new paradigm of more intensive, low-impact and sustainable chemical technologies. The task is focused on the development of a new procedure control approach to improve process effectiveness through intensification of semi-batch and 'smart-scale' constant polymerisation procedures. This will be accomplished by connecting molecular-level information of the response chemistry with soft sensors, integrating rigorous mathematical models, and subsequently implementing reduced models for non-linear model-predictive control and powerful real-time optimization. After characterising various polymers and polymerisations, experts have produced and validated semi-batch and smart-scale designs for online control programs. Process intensification for polymerisation systems have actually been investigated in a smart-scale tubular reactor with static mixers. The outcomes, so far reveal feasibility and robustness of an established stable procedure with large solids content throughput. A further important success features been the development of sensor fusion whereby a soft sensor approach is being created to allow for the processing of a number of information at the same time such as temperature flow, area acoustic trend, temperature and conductivity. Currently, efforts are in place to prepare for a successful demonstration of polymerisation processes at a production-pilot grow, thus placing developed theory from the lab scale to grow scale. Researchers have made significant improvements with regard to developing state-of-the-art model-based procedure control techniques with unique focus on improving item properties.


  • sustainable
  • Chemistry
  • Manufacturing
  • Reactor
  • Technology
    ]]> (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:48:20 +0100
    Better LEDs for surgery LEDs for surgery

    Better LEDs for surgery

    ID: F1512-09

    Solid-state illumination utilizing LEDs has taken a major market share from standard fluorescent lighting in current years. LEDs provide higher power effectiveness and rapid start-up at a reasonable expense. However, poor color making resulting in a bluish production can be unpleasant, stressful and tiring for the eyes. Whenever used for medical lights, they can impair the capability to discern skin, structure and organ details, impacting the quality of surgery. This brand new task sought major improvements in LED-based lighting with a key target being the health sector. Scientists focused on increasing the efficiency, brightness and colour of a health luminaire (total illumination unit) while making sure that it can be disinfected. Efficiency depends on LED selection, colour mixing, the electronic driving circuitry and the thermal design. An advanced lighting system that combines light from various LED sources to create near-perfect color rendition across the complete noticeable range at extremely large efficiency has been created. Scientists showcased the technology in two demonstrators: a sleep mind light and an examination light. The sleep light has controllable color temperature to match the normal circadian rhythms of day and evening. It comes with a committed programmer, but can also be programmed and managed from a smartphone. The examination light is equipped with five color settings ranging from cold to hot white light. The high R9 (saturated red) colour rendition allows greater resolution of tissue distinctions for surgical procedures, whereas the cold white environment aids general examinations and is particularly good for visualising veins, needed for safe and painless drawing of blood. The technology will significantly enhance the competitive position of related small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).


    • LED
    • Surgery
    • color
    • Temperature
      ]]> (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:48:14 +0100
      Medical sensors made from paper sensors made from paper

      Medical sensors made from paper

      ID: F1512-08

      The market for in vitro diagnostics presently stands at more or less EUR 42 billion with programs ranging from personalised medication, pet screening all the means to agri-food based applications. As such, there is a big drive to reduce the expenses of these tests, whilst increasing sensitivity and time to diagnosis. Bringing together seven lovers from academia, a technical research center, an engineering little to medium-sized enterprise (SME) and three other SMEs with a strong background in diagnostics, a new generation of fibre-based diagnostic sensors has been created. The present efficacy price of human being medicines in healing areas such as asthma, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and cancer tumors ranges from 25 to 60 %. There is therefore a clear need to figure out the benefits of a medication on an individual before prescription to improve wellness care globally by tailoring therapy to an individual. A quantity of toolkits have actually been developed that combine biochemistry, microfluidics, fluid-jet publishing and a novel immune-ink technology platform. Together, they make for rapid multiplex assays on disposable paper-based analytical devices. Key biomarkers have been engineered with an emphasis on those of commercial interest. A laboratory-scale diagnostic audience interprets indicators created on a chip and associated software allows modification to new labels. Associated health expenses for therapy of food-borne diseases reach more than EUR 6 billion in europe per year alone. Prompt detection of toxins at different levels during food processing and production would help eliminate contaminated products from entering the food chain. The project conjugated anti-salmonella polyclonal antibodies to ink particles and developed a brand new immunoassay, sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, for salmonella detection. They additionally developed a new fast test preparation protocol for salmonella screening. The adaptability and expense effectiveness of the sensors start up applications in health diagnostic products, in veterinary science for testing conditions plus in the meals production chain.


      • medical
      • Sensor
      • paper
      • diagnostics
      • Detection
        ]]> (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:48:10 +0100
        Paper to conquer new markets to conquer new markets

        Paper to conquer new markets

        ID: F1512-07

        A new project adopted a multidisciplinary approach, bringing together 12 research and industry lovers with various backgrounds, including materials science and engineering, chemistry, physics, electronic devices, and micro- and nanotechnologies. They envisioned paper items such as labels with particular autonomous properties that interact with users and/or report modifications in their environment. Work centred on developing new types of paper, fibres and inks on a commercial scale, as well as on new printable useful elements such as sensors, displays, memory modules and batteries. It's also developing a novel manufacturing process and printing technology, eventually resulting in large-area hybrid organic/inorganic papers with improved performance and expense effectiveness. After developing security labels, the group tested three reference papers for printability in relation to useful and peripheral elements. Hybrid circuits had been created by the group, with assessment showing both publishing and electrical integration performance. Industrial printing test runs were realised at a factory to move results of the work on the demonstrators, and an aesthetic assessment system had been installed and tested at the same center. Undertaking efforts pave the way for a renewal of the paper industry's products with more additional value functional products. Outcomes open up new options for paper and publishing industries in the growing market of low-cost and large value added printed electronics. The technology also features prospective for application in sectors related to general public safety (monitoring air poisoning and pollution), packaging (food quality during storage and transport), and chemical substances production and make use of.


        • paper
        • Fiber
        • Nano
        • Technology
        • label
        • circuit
        • Electronics
 (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:48:06 +0100
          Flexible solar cells for textiles solar cells for textiles

          Flexible solar cells for textiles

          ID: F1512-06

          Presently, there is a strong competition to European manufacturers from China's solar panel industry that exports panels at really low prices. To fend down competition, there features been a change to non-silicon-based and thin-film PV technologies. Nevertheless, these technologies have only marginal benefits and set up requirements are similar to traditional solar panels. In addition, modules are mostly rigid panels and cannot be integrated into big structures without modifying the architecture design. The task decreased module and installation expenses by combining versatile OPV materials with tensile materials utilizing roll-to-roll manufacturing techniques. The ability to create the panels on fabric surfaces means that complex shapes can be created to increase solar collection. Addressing big areas with versatile polymer structures costs less than glass, with programs spanning from walkway shades, coach stops and carport covers to arcades and stadiums. The organic solar cells also do maybe not include the customary indium-tin-oxide that's scarce, expensive and brittle. Rather, project partners used aluminium that is cheaper and can be scaled up to create aluminium foils. The modules comply with European and intercontinental criteria and laws for implementation in off-grid since well as grid-connected or feed-in-tariff (FIT) power schemes. In the short term, FIT plans provide operators with motivation for investment by having to pay them for power created in their installed systems such as tones. In the long term, researchers envision a final system in which FIT schemes will be unnecessary given the low price of the PV technology contrasted to grid prices. Taken together, the materials and technology promise to bring the expense of solar energy on par with that of traditional power. Reduced production, transport and operating expenses should encourage investment in PV solar power. The technology is truly pioneering as there's nothing comparable available on the market these days.


          • Flexible
          • Solar
          • Cell
          • textile
   (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:48:02 +0100
            Better and greener flame inhibitors and greener flame inhibitors

            Better and greener flame inhibitors

            ID: F1512-05

            With directives discouraging the use of halogenated flame retardants, effective options must be found. A task set away to deliver an option. Designed for integration with acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) compounds widely used in electronics, it is based on an intumescent formulation consisting of nanofillers combined with phosphorous-based flame retardants. Scientists functionalised nearly 40 various nanofillers, characterised their thermal stabilities and evaluated about half of them for dispersion in an ABS matrix. They fabricated and characterised the mechanical, thermal stability, dispersion and fire properties of more than 200 ABS compounds. The staff then assessed the effectiveness of the new halogen-free flame retardants (HFFRs) in ABS formulations with respect to fire overall performance. As an outcome, two nanofillers were chosen for last validation. The HFFRs and nanoparticles were tested in the lab prior to their make. They had been introduced in a commercial ABS substance in advance of market exploitation. The end products' basic and fire properties had been also characterised. Lastly, the recycling, mechanical and fire properties of the brand new HFFR ABS products were examined. An enhancement over traditional HFFRs without jeopardising fire performancehas been demonstrated. The recyclable and environment-friendly HFFR ABS solution reduces smoke and toxic gases. Safety is improved by mitigating the dangers of smoke inhalation caused by fire in public or private home. What's more, it can reverse the negative effect on the environment by preventing the release of toxic fire retardants.



            • flame
            • inhibitor
            • fire
            • retardand
            • halogene
     (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:47:57 +0100
              Pilot plant in a container plant in a container

              Pilot plant in a container

              ID: F1512-04

              In view of new rising areas and production abilities in Asia, the chemical market is currently under considerable expense and ecological force. Improving conventional production procedures is maybe not sufficient anymore. Rather, process intensification is a paradigm change to boost competition and sustainability of chemical processes. A new task worked on developing new technologies, procedures and manufacturing concepts for the 'plant of the future' for the chemical industry. New modular miniaturised reactors – microreactors – have actually been developed designed for these garage-sized plants to enable process intensification. The unique function of the next-generation container is its ability to be utilized anywhere. Measuring only 3x12 m, the container holds everything required for manufacturing reactors, procedure control technology, information technology modules, and storage area for feedstocks. In addition, it has elements for fire security, escape doorways and catch basins. The supply system for water, process gases, electricity, temperature and information lines is designed in such a means that it can theoretically host any chemical reactions. A pilot plant was set up to enable researchers to explore the feasibility of producing biodiesel from waste essential oils in supercritical conditions. The gasification of biomass to create chemicals and ammonia was additionally trialled. In addition, the task team desired to enhance processing approaches. They introduced a newly developed concept – unique process windows – to speed up reactions through an extremely intensified approach. This technology should allow the chemical industry to produce items faster, more flexibly and more sustainably. The brand new plant ideas should contribute to the move towards adaptive manufacturing.



              • pilot
              • plant
              • container
              • Production
              • Technology
              • Manufacturing
              • procedure
       (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:47:50 +0100
                Better and faster biocide sensors and faster biocide sensors

                Better and faster biocide sensors

                ID: F1512-03

                In current years, Europe has introduced increasingly stringent regulations on food production quality, despite the high time and economic costs of screening. a testing system is urgently needed that can quickly and cost-efficiently test foods for pesticides and other organic contaminants. A new task directed to develop a biosensor to identify traces of pesticides. The system is based on the Bioelectric Recognition Assay technology, which really combines living cells with an electrical sensor system for quick and sensitive detection. An automated platform based on BERA technology has been built that can detect a number of pesticides and other contaminants in less than three mins. This early model can identify a quantity of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, a number of courses of herbicide.



                • Food
                • Quality
                • Sensor
                • biocide
         (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:47:44 +0100
                  Fewer infections in hospitals infections in hospitals

                  Fewer infections in hospitals

                  ID: F1512-02

                  One in 10 hospital customers are impacted by nosocomial infections. The outcome is an expansion of hospital stays by more than 10 million patient days per year in European countries alone. Impregnating hospital textiles, such as bedding and bandages, with antibacterial nanoparticles, would considerably decrease hospital-acquired infections, enhance client outcomes and save millions of euros. To attain this, a project expanded on a recently proven and patented single-step laboratory procedure.  This involved impregnating the textiles with copper oxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles. Nanoparticle-coated materials had been tested and displayed effective anti-bacterial properties and great longevity. The pilot plants showed that this might be an effective method of creating textiles with strong anti-bacterial attributes. Scientists found that steel oxide nanoparticles can destroy both sensitive bacteria and germs that are resistant to antibiotics. To demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of antibacterial nanoparticles in a medical center environment. Earlier to this research, no chemical treatment for producing and impregnating textiles with antibacterial nanoparticles existed on an industrial scale. Many thanks to this task, antibacterial textiles will be manufactured by a one-step process that makes use of nanoparticles. This decreases production time and fibre damage, lowers production costs and utilizes an environmentally friendly water solution. Textile manufacturers today have all they require to move up commercialisation efforts.



                  • infection
                  • textile
                  • antibacterial
                  • Nano
                  • Particle
           (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:47:39 +0100
                    Greener concrete concrete

                    Greener concrete

                    ID: F1512-01

                    Brand new concrete products have been designed to fulfill the competitive and cost-efficient requirements of the construction industry while at the same time reducing the sector’s effect on the environment. This will lead to the make of more sustainable and energy-efficient concrete for both ready-mixed and pre-cast applications. For the minute, the main exploitable outcomes concern several novel types of aggregates and binders made completely from second natural materials (such as plastic waste, electrical and electronic equipment waste, polyurethane foam and municipal solid waste), the combination of these novel items in an energy-efficient lightweight concrete made of all second materials along with a choice help tool to assist manage and share EU waste stream information. The lightweight, eco-friendly, cost-efficient and all-waste concrete products developed are applicable for both ready-mixed products (floor screed and flooring screed underlay) and pre-casted applications. Improvements in the power efficiency of structures built with this concrete were checked. The prototypes were additionally assessed in terms of their mechanical, thermal and acoustic insulation properties and fire resistance. An exploitation plan has today been created in purchase to drive forward concepts that are deemed to have commercial potential. This plan contains a complete list of exploitable outcomes, a description of each result, a description and a quick exploitation plan. Finally, the project’s outcomes will contribute towards reducing the embodied power and CO2 footprint of concrete through the replacement of conventional binders with novel binders made from second materials. The new tangible concepts created by combining these new novel aggregates and binders will provide improved thermal insulation properties, and enable architects and builders to integrate greater overall performance requirements in both design and construction.



                    • concrete
                    • construction
                    • sustainable
                    • Energy
                    • efficient
                    • CO2
                    • Footprint
             (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 08:43:11 +0100